An Article on Ophthalmology: The Study of Eye Disorders.

Ophthalmology is the part of medical science which includes the diagnosis and treatment of various eye disorders through medicine and surgery. The ophthalmologist is a doctor who is a specialist in Ophthalmology. Generally, the Ophthalmology aids render a wide range of medical and surgical eye care for the preservation, protection, enhancement and restoration of vision for all age groups. 

Diseases diagnosed and treated by an ophthalmologist

Furthermore, an ophthalmologist specializes in and provides for the cure the following eye diseases;

  • Cataract Glaucoma
  • Macular degeneration
  • Diabetic retinopathy
  • Dry eyes
  • Strabismus (misalignment/deviation of eyes)
  • Proptosis (bulged eyes)
  • Excessive tearing (tear duct obstruction)
  • Uveitis
  • Eye tumours


Techniques for the Diagnosis of various eye problems

Following are examples of methods of diagnosis performed in an eye examination

  • Visual acuity
  • Refraction
  • Ocular tonometry to determine intraocular pressure
  • Slit-lamp examination
  • Retina examination

Apart from the following diagnostic techniques, eyes problems are also diagnosed through specialised tests. Optical coherence tomography or (OCT) is a medical platform used to evaluate ocular structures. The data is then utilized by physicians/doctors to estimate the staging of pathological methods and confirm clinical diagnoses. Consequent OCT scans are used to evaluate the effectiveness of controlling age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, and glaucoma.

Also, Ultrasonography of the eyes might be done in several cases.

Ophthalmic surgery 

Ocular surgery, also known as Eye surgery, is surgery performed on the eye or its adnexa by the ophthalmologist. Moreover, the eye is a delicate organ, and it needs extreme care before, during, and after the surgical procedure. Furthermore, an eye surgeon is liable for choosing the suitable surgical procedure for the patient, and for taking the required safety precautions.

There are various hospitals providing quality Ophthalmology services in Delhi, NCR. The top names are Sri Balaji Action Medical Institute, Triton Hospital, Max Hospital, Saket &  Medanta


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