Neonatology is a subcategory of Pediatrics that includes the medical care of newborn babies, specifically the ill or prematurely born infants. It is generally a hospital-based speciality and is usually conducted in Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUS). Generally, the patients of neonatologists are newborn infants who are sick due to prematurity, birth defects, birth asphyxia, low birth weight, intrauterine growth restrictions, etc.
Rather than focusing on a specific organ, neonatologists focus on the overall care of newborn babies who require Intensive Care Unit hospitalization. Also, they often act as a general paediatrician, providing care and evaluation to well newborn infants for months or even years after their discharge to study the long term effects of health problems early in life. Moreover, some neonatologists perform clinical and basic science research to further their understanding of the special population of patients.
Furthermore, such infants undergo many adaptations to extrauterine and it's physiological systems like the immune system. Triton Hospital’s Level 3 neonatal intensive care unit has the most advanced life-support and monitoring equipment available for managing extremely premature and extremely low birth weight babies with facilities for CPAP, ventilation, High-frequency ventilation, exchange transfusion.
The unit is equipped not only for managing newly born babies but also has facilities for shifting in sick babies from other hospitals for ventilatory support and further management, there is also a provision for a 4 bedded adult and pediatric ICU for managing medical and postoperative surgical patients.